The OECD report cited above illustrates Africa’s progress re: fighting tax evasion/illicit financial flows via transparency and exchange of information.
The report includes 38 African countries, co-produced by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, African Union Commission, and African Tax Administration Forum, covers the activities in 2021.
If you are doing business in Africa, this report is a very worthwhile read.
The Governments of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK (G5) held a meeting on 28 April, 2014 to discuss progress on their mutual objectives to promote tax transparency and cooperation, fight tax fraud and evasion, counter harmful tax practices and respond to aggressive tax planning practices. The following link provides detailed actions that were discussed:
Click to access Comunicado%20del%20G-5%20sobre%20reunión%20en%20Par%C3%ADs%2028%20abril%202014%20en%20inglés.pdf
Summary of discussions:
- Agreement to sign the Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) agreements in alignment with the new, single, global OECD standard, joining 39 other jurisdictions that will effect exchange of information in 2017 with respect to 2015 data.
- Reiteration of support to the OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project.
- Re: taxation of digital economies, the countries where companies conduct economic activities must be able to receive their “fair share” of tax. To align this initiative, the G5 Ministers agreed on the interest of a flexible interpretation of the territoriality rules, including a Digital Tax Presence concept.
- Transfer pricing rules must be adapted to ensure that profit and value creation are aligned, citing economic justification.
- Tax avoidance re: hybrid mismatch arrangements should be addressed.
- Country-by-Country (CbC) reporting is important, as it should provide all relevant tax administrations with the information necessary to complete a high level risk assessment.
- OECD BEPS developments must be reflected at the EU level, encouraging review of the EU law and its impact on aggressive tax planning practices.
The conclusions set forth are significant for the following reasons: Proposal by the G5, EU focused, collaborative discussions and agreement re: “fair share” of tax alignment, economic justification profit / value drivers, and a presumption that CbC reporting will provide information to complete a relevant risk assessment.
These initiatives should be monitored in alignment with the OECD BEPS proposals set forth for 2014 and 2015.