Strategizing International Tax Best Practices – by Keith Brockman

Attached is a free pdf/ebook prepared by Alexander Weisser, covering permanent establishment, treaty characterization and transfer pricing.

These issues are becoming more important as we get closer to OECD Pillar One and Two blueprints, in addition to proposed UN Article 12B re: a new digital services tax focused on developing countries.

Alexander has provided advance permission for this informative inclusion:

https://lnkd.in/dQYyWsf

DST global summary

As the OECD is studying the Pillar One blueprint, and the UN is contemplating its own Digital Services Tax (DST) proposal, attached is a useful reference for unilateral DST initiatives.

France has also determined that it will collect its DST payments in December this year, notwithstanding trade/tariffimplications.

The DST regimes will, inexplicably, involve more complexity, differing tax systems globally and the possibility for more disputes to arise, although such disputes may hopefully have efficient arbitration remedies.

Pillar 3: Where did it begin?

As the OECD is looking not at Pillar 1, not Pillar 2, but a new and novel Pillar 3, one may question: Where did this concept come from?

The attached is a You Tube interview with respect to a Tax Notes article that discusses the thinking behind this concept.

The foundation of a Pillar 3 may change, however the idea has permeated the OECD. Thus, I would expect we will hear about this potential transformation, sooner than later.

Sweden may have, as of 1/1/2021 new economic employer rules vs. the current rules of legal employer. If the legislation is passed as proposed, there will be an increased governance role, and complexity, for employees visiting Sweden for which the local business may derive benefits therefrom.

ey-tax-alert-2020-2241-eyg006367.pdf

I look forward to your comments.

OECD: Tax statistics/CbC

The OECD Corporate Tax Statistics, Second Edition, published this year reveals interesting trends, including the results of the anonymized and aggregated Country-by-Country (CbC) data which includes statistics from 26 countries for the 2016 tax year.

Tax administrations are moving toward more data analysis as an audit tool, and multinationals should be aware of this data which is used as a risk assessment tool, among others.

https://www.oecd.org/tax/tax-policy/corporate-tax-statistics-database.htm

ICAP & CbC

The OECD International Compliance Assurance Programme (ICAP) is a voluntary programme for a multilateral co-operative risk assessment and assurance process.

ICAP uses Country-by-Country (CbC) data as part of its risk assessment analysis and includes potential benefits for participating taxpayers re: certainty and avoiding double taxation, among other benefits.

ICAP is still fairly new in practice, although the process should be understood as a tool in pro-active compliance.

https://www.oecd.org/tax/forum-on-tax-administration/international-compliance-assurance-programme.htm

BEAT Regs: One-way street

The IRS and Treasury have released Final Regulations (T.D. 9910) on base erosion and anti-abuse tax (BEAT), with a controversial provision of not allowing the ability to decrease previously waived deductions on an amended return or during an exam.

The Regulations, however, do provide the benefit to waive deductions to avoid BEAT.

A new era of Faceless Tax Assessment, and tax transparency is being introduced to provide a non-adversarial or soft-touch regime.

Taxpayers with operation in India should review this new development, especially as other countries will also be watching this update for learnings going forward.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/Faceless-appeal

IRS issued new regulations for translation in Sec. 986(c)

The IRS also issued new LB&I guidance addressing computation of Sec. 986(c) computations, attached for reference.

US T.D. 9909, Final Regulations, in coordination with the issuance of proposed regulations, REG-124737-19, addressing Sec. 245A and the exception to subpart F income under Sec. 954(c)(6). The final regulations address extraordinary dispositions and reductions.

The UK will drop its Digital Service Tax (DST) initiative, knowing it would only increase its stimulus by several hundred million dollars , while COVID-19 has set the country back hundreds of billions of dollars in stimulus. It will be interesting how other countries, who have adopted or are thinking about a unilateral DST, will react prior to the OECD Project addressing this in Pillar One.

ATO: arm’s length debt

The Australian Tax Office (ATO) has recently issued guidance on thin capitalization arm’s length debt and outbound interest-free loans.

The guidance is especially valuable as it provides a risk assessment framework outlining their compliance approach to arm’s length debt.

The ATO is known for its reference to risk assessment frameworks, as this trend will continue in other countries and is a valuable read.

https://www.ato.gov.au/law/view/document?DocID=COG%2FPCG20207%2FNAT%2FATO%2F00001

https://www.ato.gov.au/law/view/document?DocID=TXR%2FTR20204%2FNAT%2FATO%2F00001

UN: Digital service tax

The UN tax committee members have issued a proposal re: taxation of digital service income.  The proposal will be discussed in meetings later this year, making their way to become a part of the UN Model Tax Convention.

This will be an interesting dynamic, as the OECD is working diligently to finish their digital tax project this year.  It is hopeful that  both proposals will have a similar framework, avoiding a natural clash in methodology prone to dispute.

In summary, the UN and OECD digital tax proposals should be monitored to watch the progress, and changes prior to finalization envisioned by the end of this year.

Click to access TAX%20TREATY%20PROVISION%20ON%20PAYMENTS%20FOR%20DIGITAL%20SERVICES.pdf

The OECD provided this guidance in April, 2020, although the PE issue remains in many countries due to the COVID-19 crisis.  The guidance revisits OECD PE guidelines and commentary, and also represents opportunities to revisit potential PE issues for employees working from home as companies adopt regional and global work from home policies.

The document highlights the fact that temporary COVID-19 interruptions should not change a permanent establishment (PE) determination, although tax administrations should publish more guidance on their domestic PE laws and determinations.

Home offices, agency PE and construction site PE situations are addressed.  Summaries are also provided for place of effective management (POEM)/dual residence, income tax considerations for cross-border workers, and treaty residence issues.

The guidance is a valuable read, especially as countries are now starting to address these issues with more focus.  The diminished fiscal growth may also change the direction of penalty abatement, especially in areas that may subject to interpretation.

https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/view/?ref=127_127237-vsdagpp2t3&title=OECD-Secretariat-analysis-of-tax-treaties-and-the-impact-of-the-COVID-19-Crisis

The final legislation was recently enacted, although silent on the optional 6-month DAC6 deferral period.  Additionally, some highlights include:

  • Domestic arrangements are included, withThe guidance VAT
  • Additional hallmarks from draft legislation have been removed
  • Hallmark E1, unilateral safe harbors, does not include those specified in the OECD guidelines
  • Specified penalty amounts are provided

The DACD6 guidelines for Member States are emerging rapidly, and taxpayers/intermediaries will need to react accordingly.

https://www.ey.com/en_gl/tax-alerts/portugal-publishes-final-legislation-to-implement-mandatory-disclosure-rules

 

As the Mandatory Disclosure Rules of DAC6 are still being interpreted by Member States, practitioners and advisors, the European Commission has adopted a new package of initiatives, including

  • 25-step Action Plan to be implemented between now and 2024, addressing a fair and simple tax system with a focus on technology,
  • DAC7, exchange of information by sellers on digital platforms, and
  • Tax Good Governance in the EU and beyond, including a review of the EU list of non-cooperative jurisdictions

The tax package is well worth reading, especially the introduction of DAC7, which provides context for the manner in which tax rules and parliamentary procedures must be met prior to formal adoption.

EY’s Tax Alert provides a detailed summary, including links to the initiatives.

https://taxnews.ey.com/news/2020-1815-european-commission-adopts-package-for-fair-and-simple-taxation?uAlertID=Sd%2FG8rua1oj6%2Fl58EZ2AiA%3D%3D

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