EY’s Global Tax Alert provides a succinct summary of the latest OECD and BEPS developments, including:
- G20 and exchange of information upon request standard
- Multilateral instrument, 68 countries moving forward
- Peer reviews on BEPS 4 minimum standards:
- Action 5, harmful tax practices
- Action 6, treaty abuse
- Action 13, country-by-country reporting (CbCR)
- Action 14, dispute resolution
- Action 5 peer reviews of preferential tax regimes
- Action 13, CbCR exchange relationships; important for US MNE’s and similar jurisdictions without obligatory 2016 reporting
- MAP peer reviews
- Discussion drafts on profit splits and attribution of profits re: PE’s; comment period to Sept. 15, 2017
- Branch mismatch forthcoming revisions
- Common reporting standard
- Digital taxation
OECD is still very busy, with a plethora of BEPS follow-up and other activities, although there seems to be continuing flexibility to gain collaboration that will also lead to added complexity and disputes.
OECD has released discussion drafts on Action 7, attribution of profit to permanent establishments (PEs) and Actions 8-10 (profit splits).
It also requested public review of the document containing conforming changes to Chapter IX (business restructurings) of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TPG).
The PE Discussion Draft is not restricted to issues related to PEs that will result from the changes made by the Action 7 Final Report, but also takes into account the results of the work on other parts of the BEPS Action Plan dealing with transfer pricing, in particular the work related to intangibles, risk and capital. This factor is especially important if countries do not adopt the new Action 5 PE Guidelines in a bilateral tax treaty or via the pending multilateral instrument. Thus, this section will be all-encompassing and important to understand the drivers, such as key people functions, behind this issue.
The profit split guidance is indicia of a trend for some governments to apply this standard, albeit not from a pure economic/technical perspective. Therefore, this complex guidance will enhance knowledge of those being asked the question from tax authorities, as well as in developing transfer pricing guidance.
EY’s Global Tax Alert describes these developments in greater detail.
TEI has provided comments in response to several OECD BEPS Actions, linked herein for reference.
Action 10:Profit Splits-Key comments:
- Profit split methodologies should be limited to scenarios where there is not reliable arm’s length pricing.
- Simple examples provided do not provide a comprehensive basis for detailed replies and consideration.
- A profit split approach may be subject to abuse by tax authorities.
- Hindsight application of transfer pricing methodologies should only be used in exceptional circumstances.
Actions 8-10: TP Guidelines
- Transfer pricing analyses discussed in the proposal would require significant resources for MNE’s and tax authorities.
- The possible merging of the approaches of attributing profits for Article 7 (PE) and Article 9 (Associated Enterprises) should be clarified.
- The imposition of “insufficient transfer pricing documentation” penalties should be abandoned/relaxed by tax authorities for a reasonable period of time after implementation of the new guidelines.
- Additional compliance burdens elicit increased complexity and confusion.
Action 4: Interest
- The proposal represents a shift away from the arm’s length principle, introducing difficult and impractical problems to resolve.
- Capitalisation factors include many considerations other than tax.
- Double tax consequences are more likely, as MNE’s will not be able to easily rearrange financing structures worldwide.
- The withholding tax impacts should be clarified for foreign tax credit and related calculations.
- MNE’s with a higher effective tax rate, and thus less prone to base erosion or profit shifting arrangements, should be excluded.
- The concept of global limitation calculations, and interest sharing, needs to be further discussed to determine efficient audit guidance.
Action 10: Commodities
- Right to use publicly available quoted exchange prices as a comparable is a welcome proposal.
- Discussion of other issues, including pricing, pricing date, and documentation should be further considered and clarified.
TEI’s comments are always informative, practical and highlight issues that are both useful as well as problematic. Therefore, these comments provide an excellent forum, along with comments from other interested parties, for further consideration prior to drafting final guidance.