OECD has published the December 20109 update for implementation of country-by-country reporting (CbCR).
The table of contents conveniently provides the date for the updating of the relevant sections. The local filing section indicates a December 2019 update.
The guidance link is referenced for review.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC has published their 2018 tax contribution report, including country-by-country (CbC) statistics.
Public transparency of CbC reports has been in the vision of the EU (Dec. 6, 2019 blog), although it has not yet passed.
Shell’s report reflects a proactive effort to promote global transparency, and is an exemplary model to follow.
OECD has updated guidelines for several aspects of Country-by-Country (CbC) reporting, including:
- Dividends included in pre-tax book income
- Definition of revenues and taxes paid
- Aggregate data in one jurisdiction/eliminations
- Accumulated earnings/loss
- Treatment of major shareholdings / ownership by multiple groups
- Short accounting periods
- Parent surrogate filing
As the 2017 CbC report is almost due for US calendar-year taxpayers, it is imperative to review the OECD guidelines to ensure year-to-year consistency, with relevant statements attached for transparency.
A link to the guidelines is attached for reference.
EY’s Global Tax Alert details several important global developments worth watching:
- Phase 2 US tax reform – individual taxes, what else?
- OECD’s first peer review reporting on BEPS Action 13: TP Documentation and County-by-Country (CbC) reporting (attached herein for reference)
- EU Directive on cross-border reportable arrangements, reporting to commence in 2020 although effective date will be June/July 2018.
The reportable arrangements are a must read for international tax colleagues to understand the impact of arrangements planned for currently that may become a transparent arrangement to be reported in the EU.
The OECD CbC report is also helpful to understand the trend that CbC reports will generate ongoing, and the viewpoint of the countries that administer this process.
The OECD BEPS Actions, including CbC reporting, significantly impact international tax compliance burdens and challenges going forward. Additionally, US tax reform still has experts deliberating their practical application, notwithstanding future legislation.
The French Parliament has announced rules for the transmission of the French Country-by-Country (CbC) reports by US MNE’s, although it is yet not 100% certain whether such rules are penalty proof or 100% certain.
As the US has not formally named France as a partner exchanging such information, these dialogues apparently continue. Thus, all taxpayers should be monitoring this important area through year-end for future developments and additional certainty.
EY’s Global Tax Alert summarily describes the applicable procedures.
The South African Revenue Service (SARS) released its final notice re: requirements for filing the Country-by-Country (CbC) report, Master File and Local File, in alignment with OECD BEPS Action Item 13.
It is interesting that, pursuant to minimum thresholds, both a Master File and Local File are required to be filed, rather than only the Local File. This may become more of a norm, versus an exception, as the global transfer pricing and risk environment will need to be reviewed in alignment with local business operations. Hopefully, the review will encompass confidential limitations on the information received and will only encompass transfer pricing practices of the local operations rather than extend CbC presumptions or Master File analogies against the local data.
EY’s Global Tax Alert provides the relevant details of the SARS requirement.
OECD has published new handbooks, one of which relates to country-by-country (CbC) reports and how tax administrations can incorporate this information into their tax risk processes, inclusive of risk tools and governance processes.
Other reports/handbooks have also been issued that will be a valuable reference:
- Tax Administration 2017
- The Changing Tax Compliance Environment and the role of audit
- Shining Light on the Shadow Economy
- CbC: Handbook on effective implementation