Taiwan’s recent amendments to its Income Tax Act provides rules for determination re: Controlled Foreign Corporations (CFC’s) and, most importantly, guidelines for determination of a company’s place of effective management (PEM) in Taiwan.
The PEM rules are becoming more important as MNE’s are arranging board meetings and making strategic directions in locations around the world, and not restricted to an entity’s country of incorporation. Not restricted to Taiwan, PEM rules should be a strategic focus as its importance is significant, with similar rules being enacted in other countries.
All MNE’s conducting business in Taiwan should be knowledgeable about these changes going forward, and planning accordingly.
EY’s Global Alert provides details of this development.
OECD has released discussion drafts on Action 7, attribution of profit to permanent establishments (PEs) and Actions 8-10 (profit splits).
It also requested public review of the document containing conforming changes to Chapter IX (business restructurings) of the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TPG).
The PE Discussion Draft is not restricted to issues related to PEs that will result from the changes made by the Action 7 Final Report, but also takes into account the results of the work on other parts of the BEPS Action Plan dealing with transfer pricing, in particular the work related to intangibles, risk and capital. This factor is especially important if countries do not adopt the new Action 5 PE Guidelines in a bilateral tax treaty or via the pending multilateral instrument. Thus, this section will be all-encompassing and important to understand the drivers, such as key people functions, behind this issue.
The profit split guidance is indicia of a trend for some governments to apply this standard, albeit not from a pure economic/technical perspective. Therefore, this complex guidance will enhance knowledge of those being asked the question from tax authorities, as well as in developing transfer pricing guidance.
EY’s Global Tax Alert describes these developments in greater detail.
The US administration has released final regulations on its CbC reporting requirements. This guidance provides voluntary filing for a 2016 calendar year US MNE, whereas 2017 is the required reporting year, due in 2018. The OECD has also issued guidance to provide impetus for countries to accept voluntary filings by US MNE’s with IRS, rather than rely solely on its legislation for 2016. However, this premise should be carefully reviewed, as countries have already enacted legislation and may not wish to change it.
Additionally, the filing period for a US MNE is Sept. 15th for a calendar year taxpayer, accelerating the Dec. 31st date proposed by the OECD.
This guidance will have widespread impact and contains many clarifications that should be understood prior to collecting data.
Tax Executives Institute, Inc. (TEI) has recently submitted comments in response to OECD’s public discussion draft on Action 15 re: technical issues for the upcoming Multilateral Instrument.
A link to TEI’s excellent comments are provided for reference:
- Mandatory binding arbitration was not included, thus the increase in MAP cases seem inevitable.
- A “baseball” type of arbitration is recommended.
- All MAP cases should be eligible for arbitration.
- All signatories should adopt the Action 14 minimum standard.
- Countries should have the ability to choose what treaty-related BEPS measures it will adopt.
- Countries should have the ability to choose what treaty partners and relevant tax treaties would apply for various BEPS provisions.
- The modified provisions are only effective upon official ratification.
- A new peer process should be adopted for treaty interpretation.
The multilateral instrument is key to the consistent application of BEPS Actions, and the well-written TEI comments are highly recommended for all interested parties.